Diagram of basic positions of the feet for pantomime in Delsartean Pantomimes With Recital and Musical Accompaniment (1893) by Mrs. J. W. [Rachel] Shoemaker.
Pose for “The Famine” from Hiawatha, by Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, in Delsartean Pantomimes With Recital and Musical Accompaniment (1893) by Mrs. J. W. [Rachel] Shoemaker.
Pose for Edgar Allan Poe’s The Raven, in (1893) by Mrs. J. W. [Rachel] Shoemaker.
Vocal Charts for practice in Advanced Elocution: designed as a practical treatise for teachers and students in vocal training articulation, physical culture and gesture (1910), by Mrs. J.W. [Rachel] Shoemaker; aided by G.B. Hynson and J.H. Bechtel.
Rachel Walter Hinkle Shoemaker (1838–1915). With her husband Jacob, Shoemaker opened the National School of Elocution and Oratory in Philadelphia. Her husband’s death left her with two children to provide for, and she acted as president of the School for a period. She was a noted pedagogue and published several books, including Delsartean Pantomimes (1891), Advanced Elocution (1896), Classic Dialogues and Dramas (1895), Choice Dialogues (1913), and Young Folk’s Recitations (1888).
Cover of the Journal of Expression, vol. 1, no. 1, June 1927. The term “expression” post-dates “elocution.” Adopters of “expression” emphasized inner content over the physical apparatus necessary for performance. In many ways “expression” continued the techniques of “elocution,” but practitioners endeavored, through their change in vocabulary, to distinguish themselves from earlier ideas and methods. Silas Curry, of the Curry School of Expression, was one the the leading figures in the movement, and the “Expression” company in Boston published pedagogical materials in speech and choral speaking into the 1950s.
Ceremony at a Young Women’s Academy. School exhibitions often featured oratory for the boys and recitations performed by girls.
[Courtesy of the “Oratory in the 19th-Century Classroom,” E Pluribus Unum Project]